was dealt a major blow in 2020. Almost 70% of countries covered by The
Economist Intelligence Unit’s Democracy Index recorded a decline in their
overall score, as country after country locked down to protect lives from a
novel coronavirus. The global average score fell to its lowest level since the
index began in 2006.
Democracy Index provides a snapshot of the state of world democracy for 165
independent states and two territories. The Democracy Index is based on five
categories: electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, the functioning
of government, political participation, and political culture. Based on their
scores on 60 indicators within these categories, each country is then itself
classified as one of four types of regime: full democracy, flawed democracy,
hybrid regime or authoritarian regime.
–The Guardian view on Myanmar’s coup: the army
The detention and
charging of Aung San Suu Kyi reflect the military’s contempt for its people. Myanmar’s
people chose democracy. But the generals who had hogged power for decades never
gave it up; they only ceded a portion of it to civilian authorities, holding on to a
chunk of seats and key ministries. Now, after another landslide victory for the
National League for Democracy in November’s election, they have decided even
that was too much.
–Myanmar coup: army blocks Facebook access as
civil disobedience grows
Instagram and WhatsApp
– owned by Facebook and used to organise protests – also restricted, as UN
secretary general condemns coup. Myanmar’s army has ordered internet service
providers to block access to Facebook as it attempts to stamp out signs of
dissent, days after it ousted the democratically elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi.
Facebook, one of the
most popular means of communication in Myanmar, has been used to coordinate a
civil disobedience campaign that saw health workers at dozens of hospitals walk
out of their jobs on Wednesday to protest against the army’s actions. It has also
been used to share plans for evening protests, where residents have taken
to their balconies to bang pots and pans, a symbolic act to drive away evil.