To “transform the world”, only one solution: full support to democratic multilateralism
By Federico Mayor*
after the Agreement of Paris on climate Change and the Resolution of the United
Nations General Assembly on the Agenda 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals),
the measures adopted have not been implemented, with a very severe irreversible
lack in our intergenerational responsibilities. The refusal –as always-
of the Republican Party of North America to the United Nations System
leadership has been crucial. The situation has been further aggravated by the
pandemic of the COVID-19.
moments of very somber horizons, only a firm position of all the countries –global
threats require global joint reactions- could redress the present trends.
“In November 2020 we will celebrate the 75th Anniversary of
the creation of the United Nations System. The humanity as a whole is facing
many threats –some of which have an irreversible nature for the first time in
history– and radical changes at a planetary scale in the old governance and in
human behaviour have become both necessary and urgent.
1992, the Rio Earth Summit clearly showed the necessity of sharply reducing the
CO2 and other greenhouse gas emissions in order to reduce ecological damage and
climate changes. These recommendations were not taken into account,
although points of no return had already been reached –with a complete lack of
intergenerational responsibility– and the negative prospects were rising. In
the fall of 2015, two important events took place: the signature of the Paris
Agreements against Global Warming and the Resolution on the 2030 Agenda of the
United Nations General Assembly, with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
“Transforming the world”.
regretfully, five years later, the neoliberal governance placed in the hands of
plutocratic groups (G6, G7, G8… G20) and the personal antagonism of President
Donald Trump, have resulted in exactly the opposite and the world habitability
is approaching points of no return in a world context of increased social asymmetries,
wars, supremacism, racial and fanatic outbreaks… and there is a new pandemic
(Coronavirus-COVID 19) that will have a huge impact at a global level on health
and social economy…
only one solution: a greatly efficient and strong multilateral democratic
been many international and national initiatives (personal and institutional)
in favour of multilateralism in the past decades. Today, there are many
more (see annex I). Their proposals can right now, on the occasion of the UN 75th
Anniversary, be taken into account.
They have all decided to address the present CALL
to the UN Secretary General and, thorough him, if he agrees, to the leaders of
the organizations of the United Nations System:
“In order to address the huge threats we are
facing at a global level, some of which may be irreversible for the first time
in history, a multilateral democratic System, with all nations united is needed
to straighten the present situation. A special emergency session of the
UNGA must be urgently convened so that measures are taken to redirect the
global trends and to establish a new world order.
The most important issues to be dealt with are:
1.-Multilateral governance: elimination of the
plutocratic groups; worldwide programs to tackle global threats: nuclear
weapons; global warming and ecological transition; UN priorities available for
all citizens (food; water; quality health services; ecological care; education;
2.-Economy: transition from an economy based on
speculation, production offshoring and war to a knowledge based economy with
the full implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (UN – GA
Resolution “ Transforming the world”, November 2015).
3.- A new concept of security: an important
percentage of funds invested today in armament and military expenditures must
be urgently transferred to health security and ecological purposes. Transition
from a culture of war to a culture of peace and non-violence.
4.- A new concept of work and a new lifestyle:
with the new communication technology,
distance education, work, participation… our ways of living and working must
change accordingly. For the first time in history, human beings can
express themselves freely. Therefore, citizens of the world must from now on
have a say in global governance, as so wisely –even prematurely– stated in 1945
in the first paragraph of the UN Charter: “We, the peoples”.
5.- Initiate the process to review the final
draft of the Universal Declaration on Democracy (https://declaraciondemocracia.wordpress.com/ ) –which includes the reform of the UN System itself– and have the document adopted by the UNGA”.
organizations and individuals signatories are extremely relevant. Among
others: several Peace Nobel Laureates; very distinguished members of the
academic, scientific, artistic, intellectual and political communities… The
Foundation for a Culture of Peace.; Spanish Federation of UNESCO Clubs (FECU); Global
Movement for The Culture of Peace (GMCoP); Instituto DEMOSPAZ, Autonomous
University of Madrid; World Academy of Arts and Sciences – UNGO; Othernews; European
Centre for Peace and Development (Belgrade); International Peace Bureau; The
World Sustainable Forum – University for Sustainability; AIPAZ &
Cibervoluntarios; The Initiative for Peace; UNICEF Spain…
this way humanity will be able to overcome the very complex and dark
perspectives with the transition from the reason of the force to the force of
the reason, from a culture of war to a culture o peace.
*Federico Mayor Zaragoza, President of the Spanish Association for Science Progress (AEAC). Roberto Savio, President of “Othernews”, Rosa María Artal, Emilio Muñoz, Promoting Partner of AEAC, María Novo, Professor of Environmental Education and Sustainable Development, Vicente Larraga, Founding Partner of AEAC, Enrique Santiago, Jurist, expert in Human Rights and International Law. Article sent to Other News by the author’s office.